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Aadhunik Bangla Upanyase Bastabatar Swarup (1920-50).
(Realism in modern Bangali Novel (1920-1950))


This book, written in Bangali, has focused on some aspects of comparative literature and literary movement in Europe and Bangal. Divided into eight chapters, this book consists of two parts. The first part of this study is a theoretical description of Realism- both philosophical and literary. The Realism movement originated in Europe, especially, in France, in the middle of the 19th century. A group of painters and writers were the founders of this movement. The movement then spread in England and other European countries, and finally influenced American novelists too.

This movement of the west also influenced the Bangali literature of the first half of the 20th century. Though there is no systematic and organized literary movement in Bangali literature in this respect, a kind of movement whatsoever originated here by the influence of the western Realism movement. The first part of this study has focused on the origin, development and characteristics of Realism in Europe, America and Bangal. The ordinary life of humans and the crude reality of this ordinary life were the main focus of the Realists. Their burning ambitions were to depict the real condition of the life of lower depths. They had also decided, once and for all, to describe everything and depict things just as they were, neither more nor less. These Realists were attacked everywhere by the conservative Moralist. This work also shows what kind of reality has been presented in different countries, and what kind of reaction the conservative Moralists made.

In the second part of this study the author classifies and describes the Realism presented in modern Bangali novels written during the time from 1920-1950. During this period we find many major realistic trends in modern Bangali novels. In this study the author has described the characteristics of these trends. In fine it may be said that this sort of study is for the first time in Bangali literature.